The Civil Pantheon of Dolores is one of the largest
cemeteries in Mexico City and it represents a place
of memory and remembrance of the most important
personalities in the history of the country.
The history of this cemetery dates back to the
government of Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada at the end
of the 19th Century, when the politician
decided to provide a large extension of land from
the Chapultepec ravines to use as an alternative
space for burrials because of the increasing
saturation of the oldest cemeteries in the city.
This cemetery houses a site which pays tribute to
the heroes and illustrous personalities of the
nation called 'Rotonda de los Personajes Ilustres'.
This site has a round floor plan and at its centre
there's a torch around which are located the
mausoleums of the most outstanding heroes,
politicians, artists and intellectuals of the
country. There, one can find the tombs of Dolores
del Río, Agustín Lara, Diego Rivera, Heberto
Castillo, Lerdo de Tejada, Alfonso Reyes, Rosario
Castellanos, Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Juventino
Rosas, Carlos Chávez, Angela Peralta and Manuel M.
Ponce, among others. Each mausoleum presents,
through various forms of expresion, a homage towards
the life, work and accomplishments of these
personalities, as well as their values, which are
manifested in different ways, from elegant marble
crypts to simple columns of volcanic rock, passing
through sculptures and tombstones, all through which
the journey transforms into a pleasant stroll
through the history of our country and a cause for
inspiration and remembrance to its visitors.
To arrive, one can get to either the Constituyentes
or Chapultepec underground stations and take a bus
from there in the direction of the Natural History