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09.04.2009

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Xochicalco
More places of the surroundings of Mexico City

 

Authentic mesoamerican acropolis, Xochicalco, wich name means in nahuatl: "the place of the house of the flowers" is an important archeological zone located in the state of Morelos, approximately38 km at the southwest of the city of Cuernavaca.

Xohicalco had its origin approximately in the year 300 a.C. when began its construction at the top of a various hills 100 meter high from the sourrounding savannahs. Hills that by means of retaining walls and the construction of terraces and slopes, allowed the creation of a control and commercial interchange center that with the passage of the centuries, became teh main city of Mesoamerica after the fall of Teotihuacan. It was between the years 600 to 900 a.C. when Xochicalco served from refuge to important groups of immigrants from all the corners of the Ancient Mexico, immigrants who interchanged in this city products, traditions and rites, between which emphasizes specially the advocation to Quetzalcoatl, the god of civilization, under whose priests, Xochicalco became a flourishing cultural and artistic center.

One of the most outstanding constructions of Xochicalco, is the the temple of Quetzalcoatl, widely recognized by his refined high - relieves wich represent different symbols and passages from this God, symbolized by the effigy of the feathered snake.

Special mention requires the Observatory, same that taking advantage of the present caves in the site, marks the arrival of the spring and autumn equinox with a strong solar light that projects solely in those dates on the floor of the cavern in which it is.

This archaeological zone account with a site museum where are the objects found in the investigations of the place, of between which they emphasize specially the wakes.

In the environs of this archaelogical site and thanks to the generous warm climate of the zone, diverse bath and spas have settled down that are the ideal complement to a visit to the place. Also in the nights it is possible to enjoy a spectacle of light and sound that has like scene the prehispanic ruins.

You can arrive to Xochicalco after approximately hour and half of driving from Mexico City, arriving first to Cuernavaca and taking then the route 95 to to the county of Temixco.

 


 

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